Many people have water wells instead of drinking from the city water. Some simply don't have access to the city water system, but others prefer well water. If you have a drinking well and aren't sure how to maintain it, keep reading to learn more.

What Are Signs of Well Water Issues?

There are many signs of water issues, including:

  • Unpleasant odors
  • Changes in taste
  • Stains and residue
  • Sediment
  • Discolored water

Unpleasant odors and changes in taste may indicate mold, bacteria, or sewage contamination, but if it smells like rotten eggs, hydrogen sulfide is the likely cause. Hydrogen sulfide is highly corrosive, so your water may become acidic and leach metal from the pipes. This may give your water a metallic taste.

Stains and residue usually mean there is too much of a substance in the water. Acidic water can cause rust stains, and hydrogen sulfide causes yellowish stains. The residue is often caused by hard water, which leaves behind a lot of minerals.

If your water suddenly contains sediment or changes in color, the well level may be too low. However, changes in color only may indicate contamination from sewage or turbidity.

When Should You Maintain Your Well?  

Your well needs regular maintenance. Ideally, you should have the well inspected each year for major issues like mechanical problems and water cleanliness. However, if you or your family are struggling with stomach issues or water issues, it's best to request an inspection early. If the well is getting old, consider replacing it. Drinking wells last about 20 years.

How Do You Maintain Your Well or Fix Issues?

There are many steps you can take to better maintain your well and prevent future problems. Start by identifying any old wells on the property. If they aren't sealed properly, they can allow pathogens to enter the water supply.

You can also install a filtration system. This removes a lot of the contaminants that cause above mentioned issues. Many people also add chlorine on a regular basis to ensure all bacteria are dead. Make sure to keep your septic tank and drain field far from the well, and if a flood occurs, have the well tested before drinking any water.

A well is a great way to get water without the costs associated with monthly city water bills. You will have to maintain the well to prevent issues, but a good well lasts a long time. If you would like to know more, contact a water system maintenance technician today.